Geometrical investigation of microchannel with two trapezoidal blocks subjected to laminar convective flows with and without boiling
Microchannels are important devices to improve the heat exchange in several engineering applications as heat, ventilation and air conditioning, microelectronic cooling, power generation systems and others. The present work performs a numerical study of a microchannel with two trapezoidal blocks subjected to laminar flows, aiming to analyze the influence of the boiling process on the geometric configuration of the microchannel. Constructal Design and Exhaustive Search are used for the geometrical evaluation of the blocks. The Mixture multi-phase model and the Lee phase change model were both employed for the numerical simulation of the boiling process. In this study, the influence of the height and higher width of the first block (H11/L11) over the heat transfer rate and pressure drop for different magnitudes of the ratio between the lower width and higher width (L12/L11) was investigated. It is considered water in monophase cases and water/vapor mixture for multiphase flow. Two different Reynolds numbers (ReH = 0.1 and 10.0) were investigated. Results indicated that, for the present thermal conditions, the consideration of boiling flows were not significant for prediction of optimal configurations. Results also showed that in the cases where the boiling process was enabled, the multi-objective performance was higher than in the cases without boiling, especially for ReH = 0.1.
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