Evaluation of the auto surfacing methods to create a surface body of the mandible model
Designing an anatomical structure for a surgical procedure is not a simple task. It is especially true of the craniofacial area, which consists of bone tissues with very complex geometry. CAD modelers need appropriate knowledge and skills in medicine and technical sciences to fully use the currently available tools in related processes with the reconstruction of the craniofacial areas. The presented preliminary studies are based on four patients treated at the Department of Maxillofacial Surgery. The segmentation process of the mandible model was performed in the ITK SNAP software. The process of generating surface body models was performed in the Auto Surfacing module in Geomagic software using two different methods: organic and mechanical. Then compare both methods for the accuracy of generating a CAD model of the mandible based on a triangle mesh structure in the Focus Inspection and the GOM Inspect software.
Bagci, E. (2009). Reverse engineering applications for recovery of broken or worn parts and re-manufacturing: Three case studies. Advances in Engineering Software, 40, 407-418.
Boboulos, M. A. (2010). CAD-CAM & rapid prototyping application evaluation. Bookboon.
Budzik, G., Burek, J., Dziubek, T., Gdula, M., Płodzień, M., & Turek, P. (2015). The analysis of accuracy zygomatic bone model manufactured by 5-axis HSC 55 linear. Mechanik, 88.
Budzik, G., & Turek, P. (2018). Improved accuracy of mandible geometry reconstruction at the stage of data processing and modeling. Australasian physical & engineering sciences in medicine, 41, 687-695.
Ciocca, L., Mazzoni, S., Fantini, M., Persiani, F., Baldissara, P., Marchetti, C., & Scotti, R. (2012). A CAD/CAM-prototyped anatomical condylar prosthesis connected to a custom-made bone plate to support a fibula free flap. Medical & biological engineering & computing, 50, 743-749.
Cohen, A., Laviv, A., Berman, P., Nashef, R., & Abu-Tair, J. (2009). Mandibular reconstruction using stereolithographic 3-dimensional printing modeling technology. Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontology, 108, 661-666.
Figliuzzi, M., Mangano, F., & Mangano, C. (2012). A novel root analogue dental implant using CT scan and CAD/CAM: selective laser melting technology. International journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery, 41, 858-862.
Gibson, I., Rosen, D. W., Stucker, B., & Khorasani, M. (2021). Additive manufacturing technologies (Vol. 17). Cham, Switzerland: Springer.
Huotilainen, E., Paloheimo, M., Salmi, M., Paloheimo, K. S., Björkstrand, R., Tuomi, J., & Mäkitie, A. (2014). Imaging requirements for medical applications of additive manufacturing. Acta Radiologica, 55, 78-85.
Kumar, A., Jain, P. K., & Pathak, P. M. (2013). Reverse engineering in product manufacturing: an overview. DAAAM international scientific book, 39, 665-678.
Liu, Y. F., Xu, L. W., Zhu, H. Y., & Liu, S. S. Y. (2014). Technical procedures for template-guided surgery for mandibular reconstruction based on digital design and manufacturing. Biomedical engineering online, 13, 1-15.
Manmadhachary, A., Kumar, R., & Krishnanand, L. (2016). Improve the accuracy, surface smoothing and material adaption in STL file for RP medical models. Journal of Manufacturing Processes, 21, 46-55.
Marchetti, M., & Stabili, D. (2018). READ: Reverse engineering of automotive data frames. IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security, 14, 1083-1097.
Maret, D., Telmon, N., Peters, O. A., Lepage, B., Treil, J., Inglèse, J. M., & Sixou, M. (2012). Effect of voxel size on the accuracy of 3D reconstructions with cone beam CT. Dentomaxillofacial Radiology, 41, 649-655.
Milovanović, J., Stojković, M., Trifunović, M., & Vitković, N. (2020). Review of bone scaffold design concepts and design methods. Facta Universitatis, Series: Mechanical Engineering. DOI: 10.22190/FUME200328038M
Olszewski, R., Szymor, P., & Kozakiewicz, M. (2014). Accuracy of three-dimensional, paper-based models generated using a low-cost, three-dimensional printer. Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery, 42, 1847-1852.
Orabona, G. D. A., Abbate, V., Maglitto, F., Bonavolontà, P., Salzano, G., Romano, A., & Califano, L. (2018). Low-cost, self-made CAD/CAM-guiding system for mandibular reconstruction. Surgical oncology, 27, 200-207.
Raja, V., & Fernandes, K. J. (2007). Reverse engineering: an industrial perspective. Springer Science & Business Media.
Stojkovic, M., Veselinovic, M., Vitkovic, N., Marinkovic, D., Trajanovic, M., Arsic, S., & Mitkovic, M. (2018). Reverse modelling of human long bones using T-splines-case of tibia. Tehnicki Vjesnik, 25, 1753-1760.
Teeter, M. G., Kopacz, A. J., Nikolov, H. N., & Holdsworth, D. W. (2015). Metrology test object for dimensional verification in additive manufacturing of metals for biomedical applications. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine, 229, 20-27.
Turek, P. (2019). Automating the process of designing and manufacturing polymeric models of anatomical structures of mandible with Industry 4.0 convention. Polimery, 64, 522-529.
Turek, P., & Budzik, G. (2021). Estimating the Accuracy of Mandible Anatomical Models Manufactured Using Material Extrusion Methods. Polymers, 13, 2271.
Urbanic, R. J., El Maraghy, H. A., & El Maraghy, W. H. (2008). A reverse engineering methodology for rotary components from point cloud data. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 37, 1146-1167.
Vaezi, M., Chua, C. K., & Chou, S. M. (2012). Improving the process of making rapid prototyping models from medical ultrasound images. Rapid Prototyping Journal. 18, 287-298
Van Eijnatten, M., van Dijk, R., Dobbe, J., Streekstra, G., Koivisto, J., & Wolff, J. (2018). CT image segmentation methods for bone used in medical additive manufacturing. Medical engineering & physics, 51, 6-16.
van Eijnatten, M., Koivisto, J., Karhu, K., Forouzanfar, T., & Wolff, J. (2017). The impact of manual threshold selection in medical additive manufacturing. International journal of computer assisted radiology and surgery, 12, 607-615.
Yoo, D. J. (2011). Three-dimensional surface reconstruction of human bone using a B-spline based interpolation approach. Computer-Aided Design, 43, 934-947.