Design of experiment analysis of elevated temperature wear of Mg-WC nano-composites
Current study explores the effect of selected process parameters i.e. wt.% of reinforcement (A), elevated temperature (B) and load (C) on wear characteristics of Mg-WC nanocomposites using Taguchi robust design concept. Ultrasonic treated stir casting is employed to synthesize nanocomposites. Three levels for every factor are taken into consideration and accordingly L27 orthogonal array (OA) is used for minimization of wear rate. Main effect plot is generated to investigate the important parameters and optimality is also predicted from the main effect plot. Optimal condition for minimum wear rate is 2wt.% of WC, 100°C temperature and 20N load (A3B1C1). Interaction plots are generated to scrutinize the interaction outcome between selected parameters. ANOVA study is executed to evaluate significant parameters and their effective handout on output. Current investigation reveals, Wt.% of WC is the most significant factor while temperature and load are moderately significant. Among the interacting parameters, interaction between wt.% of WC & temperature (A×B) has moderate significance. Wt.% of WC (A) has 43.135% contribution while temperature (B), load (C) and interaction between wt.% of WC & temperature (A×B) have 26.623%, 19.037% and 5.639% contribution respectively. Residual plots for wear rate are discussed and confirmation test finally helps to validate present experimental model. S/N ratio is improved by 4.411 dB (48.60%) than the initial condition.
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