Selecting the Best Municipal Solid Waste Management Techniques in Nigeria Using Multi Criteria Decision Making Techniques

  • L. J. Muhammad Mathematics and Computer Science Department, Federal University of Kashere, Gombe, Nigeria
  • Ibrahim Badi Libyan Academy, Misrata, Libya
  • Ahmed Abba Haruna College of Computer Science & Engineering, University of Hafr Al Batin, Al Jamiah, Saudi Arabia
  • I.A. Mohammed Department of Computer Science, Yobe State University, Damaturu, Yobe, Nigeria
Keywords: MSW, Grey theory, EDAS, Selection.


While developed countries use a variety of methods to convert municipal solid waste into various products such as energy, fertilizer, heat, and others, developing countries continue to struggle with municipal solid waste. Because of the various criteria to be considered, assessing these methods and determining which ones are best suited to the conditions of each country is a complicated task. The hybrid GREY-EDAS model was utilized in this study to evaluate waste treatment alternatives in Nigeria. The study employed seven distinct criteria relating to the environment, society, and cost, with the cost criterion being the most relevant. Subsequently, four waste treatment methods were evaluated: incineration, composting, sanitary landfills, and anerobic digestion. As a result, composting is proven to be the most effective. Sensitivity analysis was carried out by varying the weight of the criterion in seven distinct scenarios, and the model produced consistent findings.


Abdulshahed, A. M., Badi, I. A. & Blaow, M. M. (2017). A grey-based decision-making approach to the supplier selection problem in a steelmaking company: a case study in Libya. Grey Systems: Theory and Application, 7(3), 385-396.

Adekunle, I. M., Adekunle, A. A., Akintokun, A. K., Akintokun, P. O. & Arowolo, T. A. (2011). Recycling of organic wastes through composting for land applications: a Nigerian experience. Waste management & research, 29, 582-593.

Agwu, M. (2012). Issues and challenges of solid waste management practices in port-harcourt city, Nigeria-a behavioural perspective. American Journal of Social and Management Sciences, 3, 83-92.

Asase, M., Yanful, E. K., Mensah, M., Stanford, J. & Amponsah, S. (2009). Comparison of municipal solid waste management systems in Canada and Ghana: A case study of the cities of London, Ontario, and Kumasi, Ghana. Waste management, 29, 2779-2786.

Badi, I. & Kridish, M. (2020). Landfill site selection using a novel FUCOM-CODAS model: A case study in Libya. Scientific African, 9, e00537.

Badi, I. & Pamucar, D. (2020). Supplier selection for steelmaking company by using combined Grey-MARCOS methods. Decision Making: Applications in Management and Engineering, 3, 37-48.

Badi, I., Stević, Ž. & Sremac, S. (2020). An Integrated Fuzzy Model for Solid Waste Management in Libya. Sustainability Modeling in Engineering: A Multi-Criteria Perspective. World Scientific.

Che, Y., Yang, K., Jin, Y., Zhang, W., Shang, Z. & Tai, J. (2013). Residents’ concerns and attitudes toward a municipal solid waste landfill: integrating a questionnaire survey and GIS techniques. Environmental monitoring and assessment, 185, 10001-10013.

Cointreau, S. J. (1982). Environmental management of urban solid wastes in developing countries: a project guide. International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Washington, DC (USA ….

Ezechi, E. H., Nwabuko, C. G., Enyinnaya, O. C. & Babington, C. J. (2017). Municipal solid waste management in Aba, Nigeria: Challenges and prospects. Environmental Engineering Research, 22, 231-236.

Jalil, M. A. (2010). Sustainable development in Malaysia: A case study on household waste management. Journal of Sustainable Development, 3, 91.

Kadafa, A. A., Latifah, A. M., Abdullah, H. S. & Sulaiman, W. (2013). A comparative assessment of the municipal solid waste management services. Life Science Journal, 10, 823-836.

Keshavarz, M., Zavadskas, E. K., Olfat, L., & Turskis, Z. (2015). Multi-criteria inventory classification using a new method of evaluation based on distance from average solution (EDAS). Informatica, 26(3), 435-451.

Liu, S., Forrest, J. & Yang, Y. (2011). A brief introduction to grey systems theory. Proceedings of 2011 IEEE International Conference on Grey Systems and Intelligent Services, 7, 1-9.

Muhammad, L., Garba, A. & Abba, G. (2015). Security challenges for building knowledge-based economy in nigeria. International Journal of Security and its applications, 9, 119-124.

Nanda, S. & Berruti, F. (2021). Municipal solid waste management and landfilling technologies: a review. Environmental Chemistry Letters, 19, 1433-1456.

Narayana, T. (2009). Municipal solid waste management in India: From waste disposal to recovery of resources? Waste management, 29, 1163-1166.

Odoemene, U. D. & Ofodu, J. (2016). Solid wastes management in Aba Metropolis. Int. J. Adv. Acad. Res, 2, 1-7.

Ogwueleka, T. (2009). Municipal solid waste characteristics and management in Nigeria. Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering, 6, 173-180.

Okoro-Shekwaga, C. & Horan, N. (2015). Suitability of Anaerobic Digesters for West Africa: Nigeria as a Case Study.

Pamučar, D., Badi, I., Sanja, K. & Obradović, R. (2018). A novel approach for the selection of power-generation technology using a linguistic neutrosophic CODAS method: A case study in Libya. Energies, 11, 1-23.

Radović, D., Stević, Ž., Pamučar, D., Zavadskas, E. K., Badi, I., Antuchevičiene, J. & Turskis, Z. (2018). Measuring performance in transportation companies in developing countries: A novel rough ARAS model. Symmetry, 10, 1-36.

Seruga, P. (2021). The Municipal Solid Waste Management System with Anaerobic Digestion. Energies, 14, 1-28.

Sharma, S. (2003). Municipal solid waste management through vermicomposting employing exotic and local species of earthworms. Bioresource technology, 90, 169-173.

World Bank. (2020). Trends in solid waste management.

Zamorano, M., Molero, E., Grindlay, A., Rodríguez, M., Hurtado, A. & Calvo, F. (2009). A planning scenario for the application of geographical information systems in municipal waste collection: A case of Churriana de la Vega (Granada, Spain). Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 54, 123-133.

Zhang, S., Herbell, J.-D. & Gaye-Haake, B. (2004). Biodegradable organic matter in municipal solid waste incineration bottom ash. Waste Management, 24, 673-679.

How to Cite
Muhammad , L. J., Badi, I., Haruna, A. A., & I.A. Mohammed. (2021). Selecting the Best Municipal Solid Waste Management Techniques in Nigeria Using Multi Criteria Decision Making Techniques. Reports in Mechanical Engineering, 2(1), 180-189.