Energetic criterion for adhesion in viscoelastic contacts with non-entropic surface interaction
We suggest a detachment criterion for a viscoelastic elastomer contact based on Griffith's idea about the energy balance at an infinitesimal advancement of the boundary of an adhesive crack. At the moment of detachment of a surface element at the boundary of an adhesive contact, there is some quick (instant) relaxation of stored elastic energy which can be expressed in terms of the creep function of the material. We argue that it is only this "instant part" of stored energy which is available for doing work of adhesion and thus it is only this part of energy relaxation that must be used in Griffith's energy balance. The described idea has several restrictions. Firstly, in this pure form, it is only valid for adhesive forces having an infinitely small range of action (which we call the JKR-limit). Secondly, it is only applicable to non-entropic (energetic) interfaces, which detach "at once" and do not possess their own kinetics of detachment.
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